Piscataway is situated on 19.1 square miles in Middlesex County, New Jersey, 45 minutes southwest of New York City and 53 minutes northeast of Philadelphia.  The township's prime location with its easy access to the New Jersey Turnpike, the Garden State Parkway, Routes 287, 78, 22, 27, and 18 make it especially attractive to commuters and corporations alike. 

The township consists of the communities of New Market, Randolphville, Fieldville and North Stelton, and is often segmented into unofficial sections by local residents which include Bound Brook Heights ("the Heights"), New Brunswick Highlands, Lake Nelson, Randolphville, Arbor, New Market, North Stelton, Fellowship Farm, Society Hill and Possumtown.

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 56,044 people, 17,050 households, and 12,958 families residing in the township.

Piscataway has advanced educational and research facilities due to the fact that Rutgers University's main campus spills into the township. High Point Solutions Stadium, home field for the Rutgers Scarlet Knights football team, and part of the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School are located in Piscataway.

In 2008, Money magazine ranked Piscataway 23rd out of the top 100 places to live in America partly because of it's ethnic diversity, technology, education, and high quality of life.

Piscataway's over 30 parks and recreation facilities include activities for all walks of life, including children's playgrounds, picnic groves, ball fields, tennis and volleyball courts, a roller hockey rink, and fishing and boating,   

Piscataway Township Schools serves students attending public school with 4 elementary schools, 2 intermediate schools, 3 middle schools, and one high school.  

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